A nature reserve is a protected area for flora and fauna or geological features which are reserved and managed for conservation and the study and research. In nature reserves, wildlife plants and animals are protected and kept undisturbed. This means restoring the old-time land management practices which help to make them wildlife-rich. Example – Coppicing of woodland. Nature reserves are managed by conservation teams. They protect, restore and make a mixture of habitats where wildlife can thrive. First modern nature reserve in world was established by naturalist and explorer Charles Waterton around his estate in Walton Hall, West Yorkshire. It was established in 1821.
Tribal population and rights
The word ‘Tribe’ comes from the Latin word “Tribes” which means “one third”. India has the 2nd largest concentration of tribal population within the world, after Africa and known as Melting pot of tribes and races.
Characteristics of Indian tribes
- Have a precise or definite geographical and social area.
- Lives on Hilly or Forest area.
- They’re simple people with unique customs, traditions and practices.
- Have a common dialect.
- Kinship is the instrument of social bonds among tribes.
- No strong, complex, formal organization.
- Communitarian basis of land holding.
- Segmentary character.
- A definite psychological view towards enjoying life