Stockholm Conference (1972)
- Indira Gandhi said that Poverty was the greatest Polluter.
- Rich nations – Serious Environmental problems
- This meant that environmental problems were different in different nations.
- Poor nations- Problems related to poverty
- As a response to the world’s growing social & environmental problems, The Earth Summit also known as the UN Conference on Environment and Development, held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, formulated Agenda 21 which included Global Programmed for Sustainable Development for 21st century.
- Since the projections of population Growth & inequalities due to globalization are alarming, the need to transform from an unsustainable mode of development to a sustainable one was felt, so that we can ensure that our long-term needs are not compromised.
- Sustainable Development means to make the world a better place without destroying the possibilities for the next generation. It is defined in the Brundtland commission Report, “Our Common Future” as meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.” This Definition was given by Norwegian Prime Minister, G.H. Brundtland who was also the Director of WHO.
Inter-Generational Equity– Minimize exploitation of natural resources so that the future generation need not suffer
Intra Generational Equity– Reduce wealth inequality with the help of technology.
Sustainable Development means growth must be accomplished with respect to nature and humankind and thus, sustainability is achieved at the crossroads of economic goals, social responsibility & environmental protection.
What can we do?
Use appropriate Technology– The one that is eco-friendly, adaptable, efficient and suitable
Use The 3 Rs. approach– Minimize the use of resources, reuse the ones that are reusable and recycle waste.
Promote Environmental Education and Awareness– Incorporate ‘Earth Thinking’ amongst small children and adults as well.
Utilize Resources as per the Carrying Capacity– Do not cross the carrying capacity of the system. Carrying capacity includes-
- Supporting Capacity, the capacity to regenerate and
- Assimilative Capacity, the capacity to absorb
Improve quality of life including social, cultural and economic dimensions– Think globally, act locally. Development should not only be restricted to the affluent sections, rather it should conserve the heritage of all.
To achieve Sustainable development in Partnership and peace, the members of the UN adopted a set of 17 integrated and interrelated goals in order to protect the planet and ensure that humanity enjoys peace and prosperity by 2030.
The 17 SDGs are–
GOAL 1: No Poverty
GOAL 2: Zero Hunger
GOAL 3: Good Health and Well-being
GOAL 4: Quality Education
GOAL 5: Gender Equality
GOAL 6: Clean Water and Sanitation
GOAL 7: Affordable and Clean Energy
GOAL 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth
GOAL 9: Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure
GOAL 10: Reduced Inequality
GOAL 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities
GOAL 12: Responsible Consumption and Production
GOAL 13: Climate Action
GOAL 14: Life Below Water
GOAL 15: Life on Land
GOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong Institutions
GOAL 17: Partnerships to achieve the Goal